“Once people had an interest in how their souls appeared to God; today they have an interested in how their bodies appear to their political surroundings. This interest certainly points to the real. The real, however, emerges here not as a shock-like interruption of the designed surface but as a question of the technique and practice of self-design – a question no one can escape anymore”
Boris Groys, The Obligation to Self-Design
[french; noun] one who strolls around aimlessly but enjoyably, observing life and his surroundings.
The flaneur was reflection the alienation and gentrification of Paris and was used as a critique of capitalism.
“Strolling could hardly have assumed the importance it did without the arcades. THe arcades, a rather recent invention of industrial luxury are glass-covered, marble panelled passageways through entire complexes of houses whose properietors have combined for such speculations. Both sides of these passageways, which are lighted from above, are lined with the most elegant shops so that such an arcade is a city, even a world, in miniature”
The “Other” : difference to construct identity
“Only those who have a strong individuality can sense Difference. In accordance with the law which says that every thinking subject presupposes an object, we must assert that the notion of Difference immediately implies a personal point of departure.
Only those with a strong individuality can fully appreciate the wonderful sensation of feeling both what they are and what they are not.”
“Us and Them : Difference and Exclusion to define your Identity”
For example Punks.
“Stuart Hall and Kathryn Woodward argue that Difference can be interpreted in a negative way by reminding of exclusion and marginalization. It is creating “others” and outsiders”
“Chatwynd (….) uses the idea of bricolage as both a physical practice and the organizing principle to bring together the disparate images and characters within her work. The carnivalesque world she creates is one in which figures like Emperor Nero, Mae West, Karl Marx and Jabba the Hutt can comfortably – if not peacefully – coexist”