“The in-depth examination of a single instance of some social phenomenon” (Babbie, The Practice of Social Research, 1979, p.309)
“A method involving systemically gathering enough information about a particular person social setting, event or group to permit the researcher to effectively understand how the subject operates or functions” (Berg, 2004)
Five rationales for single case study (Yin, 2003):
- Critical Case: a theory we may wish to confirm/challenge
- Unique Case: particularly rare cases
- Representative case: eg communities
- Revelatory case: unique access to inaccessible groups
- Longitudinal case: at two or more points in time
“A how or why question is being asked about a set of contemporary events over which the investigator has little control”(Yin, 1994, p.9)
Single Case Study: Context (Social, Economic, Political etc) + Case
Multi Case Study: Multiple of the above
Single Case Study, Multiple Examples: Context + Multiple Cases
Multiple Case Study, Multiple Examples: Multiple of the above, for example comparing multiple films of multiple directors
Case Study Examples: Questionnaire/Survey, Interviews, Object Analysis, Focus Group, Archival Research, Literature Review, Discourse Analysis, Visual Analysis, Participant Observation, Ethnography
Audio Tooth by James Auger and Jimmy Loizeau
“What’s the design?”
The Audio Tooth is a “low frequency receiver” that could function like a phone and people could receive a telephone call and a chip in the tooth would receive it and using vibrations along the jaw bone transform it into sound that would go into a person’s ear.
“Who was the designer?”
The designers were James Auger and Jimmy Loizeau, students and then graduates at the Royal College of Art.
“What was their intention?”
To come up with a new way to communicate
“What’s it made out of?”
It’ s a purely conceptual design but it would be electronic chips and (presumably) some sort of plastic.
“How was it made?”